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VISIT CAMPUS WEBSITE

SEEKING REFUGE

IDP Camps & Informal Settlements

WHY.
The Syrian conflict is the deadliest conflict the 21st century has witnessed thus far and it has caused the largest displacement crisis in the world. Over half of the population has been forced from their homes, and many people have been displaced multiple times (UNOCHA). There are over 4.8 million Syrian refugees and 6.3 million internally displaced people (IDP) (UNOCHA). In 2016 between January and August, an average of 6,150 people were displaced every day. Reasons for fleeing reported by civilians include food and water shortages, insecurity due to mortar attacks, shelling, bombing and snipers. In west Mosul, conditions continue to worsen and families arriving at camps report having left their homes as a result of shelling, shooting, incidents of armed groups taking over houses, serious food shortages, as well as lack of medical care and basic services. Children fleeing from Mosul are severely distressed from their experience of living under the rule of Islamic State for 2 years. Some children may have been taught radical ideologies and there has been a 99% increase in reported violations of child rights across Iraq (World Vision). 13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistanceĀ (UNOCHA) . Neighbouring countries Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey (UNHCR) are hosting a disproportionate share of Syria’s refugees, placing state social services under strain, creating tensions between communities and risking destabilisation of society.

WHO.
Syrians have been displaced within their country and others are refugees who have crossed the borders into neighbouring countries. Iraqis have been displaced by ISIS occupation and the conflict in Mosul and many other parts of Iraq. Children are at particular risk. Families have been displaced for up to 5 years and many children have no memory of Syria. Children face physical safety and health risks as well as vulnerability due to lack of protection if they’ve lost their parents, carrying high risk of exploitation and abuse. Families have had to adopt negative coping strategies whilst trying to protect their children and high rates of child marriage and child labour are being seen (World Vision). Children face restrictions to accessing formal education and more than 2.5 million Syrian children are missing out on school. Children outside of school are exposed to multiple forms of violence, especially child labour.

WHERE.
Syria: 6.3 million Syrians are internally displaced within the country.

Iraq: approximately 250,000 Syrian refugees and 3.2 million internally displaced people since 2014 due to conflict and ISIS occupation.

Lebanon, Jordan & Turkey: The vast majority of Syrian refugees (86%) are being hosted in developing countries. Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey have struggled to cope with the influx. At the beginning of 2017, 10% of Syrian refugees were living in camps and 90% in urban, peri-urban and rural areas (UNHCR-1). In Lebanon, the Syrian refugee population has reached at least 1 million, making Syrians now almost a third of the total Lebanese population (The Atlantic). As Jordan and Turkey have increasingly restricted admission to their territory, hundreds of thousands of people have been left stranded on Syria’s borders in deplorable and dangerous conditions. These people include some 100,000 IDPs in Azaz and an estimated 70,000 people living in makeshift settlements on the border between Syria and Jordan. The majority of those stranded on the south-eastern border are women and children. Many have been displaced within Syria before arriving at the border.

Europe: A relatively low proportion of refugees have journeyed to Europe however the influx has created political division and many are living in terrible conditions in camps, including many across Greece. More than 1 million people, mostly refugees from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, have crossed into Greece since the start of 2015 (UNHCR-2).

WHAT.
Displaced populations face multiple risks and live in harsh conditions. Humanitarian agencies are facing shortfalls in providing vital assistance including health, education and livelihoods support.

THE COLOUR SISTERHOOD RESPONSE.
We are partnering with World Vision, Open Doors, and The A21 Campaign to provide age-appropriateĀ support and access to education for children who have been displaced by the conflict in Syria and also to prevent trafficking among refugee populations in Greece.

World Vision is a child-focused organisation that has been working in Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey and Northern Syria to provide humanitarian assistance to vulnerable Syrians and communities hosting Syrian refugees. Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) are safe places provided for children to learn and have fun. As a Sisterhood we are supporting CFS in IDP camps in Northern Iraq for children who have fled Mosul & surrounding areas. The targeted remedial education provided for Syrian refugee children in Lebanon through Early Childhood Education (ECE) helps children catch up on missed learning and reenrol in school at World Vision-managed remedial classes in schools and community centres.

Open Doors have been working with local partners prior to the Syrian conflict, establishing a network of relationships, including with local churches, which meant they could respond quickly to support the needs of displaced populations and host communities. Non-formal education is provided for children through community centres established by a local church, where children receive breakfast and lunch as well as education and counselling. The centres also facilitate sewing courses for women to provide income generation opportunities and a laundry hall for families to access for washing clothes.

The A21 Campaign have been responding to the refugee crisis in Greece, with a focus on providing clean water and warm showers, preventing trafficking through awareness activities, providing a hotline and aftercare for identified victims of trafficking, and training front line professionals in trafficking identification. Training in identifying victims of human trafficking will be provided for 400 front line professionals in refugee camps in 8 key locations across Greece. In an effort to prevent incidents of trafficking within a high risk environment for refugees, Stay Safe awareness campaign material will be printed, shipped and distributed in 40 locations across Greece, reaching 25,000 refugees.

PROJECT PARTNERS.

World Vision

Child Friendly Spaces: Outside of Mosul, Iraq
Early Childhood Education: Bekaa, Lebanon

Open Doors

Informal Education for Syrian Refugee Children: Lebanon

A21

Training Trafficking Identifiers
Trafficking Awareness and Prevention